Guide to Coarse Fishing for Beginners
page 2 |
A guide to coarse fishing
for the absolute beginner.
Welcome to Angling,
On the following pages you will find
information on the basic fishing tackle you will need to go coarse
fishing and what you need to know to start fishing for coarse fish. I
have given a run down of the fishing tackle you will need and how to
set it up for float fishing and the general techniques for fishing. As
time permits I will be adding further pages to this section. Add
Fish-uk to your favourites and call back often.
I hope you find the information helpful
What you need to know before you
catch your first fish.
What is Fishing?
Fishing (also called Angling) is the sport of catching fish,
freshwater or saltwater, typically with rod, line and hook. Fishing
originated as a means of providing food for survival.
In its most basic form, fishing is throwing out a fishing line and
pulling in the fish when it goes for your baited fishing hook or
fishing lure. It sounds so plain and simple, however, throughout the
history of fishing, various fishing disciplines have emerged that
target specific fishing conditions and species of fish. These fishing
variations have their own unique fishing equipment, know how, and
technical skills that may be specific to the type of water in which an
angler will be fishing or the kind of fish targeted.
There are three genres of fishing, or angling as it is commonly known:
Coarse, Game and Sea. Coarse angling is fishing for any species of
fish other than those that live in the sea and Trout and Salmon. Game
fishing pertains to the pursuit of Trout and Salmon. Sea fishing as
its name suggests is fishing for species that inhabit the sea.
An off-shoot of coarse angling is Carp fishing. Carp is the common
name for the fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae. These fish can
grow to really big weights and over the last decade or so anglers have
specifically targeted these specimen fish. Hence the birth of Carp
fishing and the ‘Specimen Angler’. As a beginner to angling you may
want to know what some of the words and terms mean when used while
fishing. Take a look at my
Any angler aged 12 years or over, fishing for salmon, trout,
freshwater fish or eels in England (except the River Tweed), Wales or
the Border Esk and its tributaries in Scotland must have an
Environment Agency rod licence. You can buy your rod licence at Post
Offices, by telephone or online
It is an offence to fish for freshwater fish and eels without a valid
rod licence and if you do you are looking at a fine of up to £2,500.
serious about taking up fishing then it is cheaper to buy a 12 month
licence. If you are unsure then I would suggest buying a 1 day
or 8 day licence.
means no fishing (you are not allowed to fish in
certain areas in a specified period)
close season - 15th March to 15th June inclusive.
The coarse fish close season applies to all rivers, streams and drains
in England & Wales, but does not apply to most stillwaters, however,
there are some exceptions that retain the close season.
Recent byelaw changes mean that the coarse fish close season does not
apply to most canals in England and Wales; again there are some
In the areas where there is no coarse fishing close season the fishery
owners and angling clubs are free to introduce a close season through
club or fishery rules if they wish to.
of the fish is paramount to the the future of fishing and all fish that are
caught must be returned to the water without injury.
Preferably use barbless hooks as these do less damage to fish. They are a lot
easier to remove as well.
All fish are covered with a protective layer of slime and this acts as
the first line defence against parasitic infections, bacteria, and
other diseases that a fish may contract.
When you catch a fish you must make sure you don’t remove too much of
this protective coating, so always wet your hands before handling the
fish and never use a cloth to hold a fish. ALWAYS unhook fish quickly
but carefully and return them to the water as quickly as possible. If
the fish is too large to hold, don't unhook it on the ground as this
can damage it and remove the slime, use an unhooking mat. With a
smaller fish hold it tightly so that it doesn’t flap about and slip
out of your hands onto the ground but don't hold it too tight or you
may damage its internal organs.
Never pull on the line to remove a hook from a fish - this WILL NOT
work without seriously injuring the fish.
If the fish
is too large to hold in one hand then lay it on an unhooking mat for
removing the hook (unhooking mat = padded cushion to protect fish from
being injured on the ground)
If the fish is lip hooked you may be able to remove it using your
fingers. If the fish is hooked inside its mouth and you can see the
hook use a disgorger (a thin plastic or metal rod with a slot in the
end). Hold the line tight and put the slot of the disgorger over the
line and slide it along the line until you reach the hook. Push the
hook in the opposite direction to the way it went in until it is free
and then carefully remove it. If the fish is deeply hooked and cant be
removed it is better to cut the line as close to the hook as possible.
The hook will dislodge itself or will eventually rust away. If its a
Perch and its deep hooked, these fish can bleed VERY easily, have a
careful go with a disgorger and if it wont come free, cut the line as
close to the hook as possible. Using barbless hooks make removal a lot
Returning fish to the water
NEVER throw a fish back into the
water. Always get down close to the water to release a fish and let
the fish swim away. If it is a large fish, especially Barbel, it may
have tired itself out while you were catching it. In this case hold
the fish in the water facing the current until it is ready to swim
away. Moving the fish backwards and forwards sometime aids its
float fishing tackle for coarse fishing
Guide to Coarse Fishing for Beginners
page 2 |