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fishing questions and answers - general fishing questions asked by new anglers

 

Note:

Most of the answers given to questions on this page are my own personal interpretation of the rules, laws or whatever else regarding the question.

DO NOT quote or use these answers as a FACT.

 

Information on this page was correct in 2007 but may have since changed

 

Jim Boswell

 

 

Q. I have lost my licence what do I do?

 

Q. I'm from the USA and I'm planning a fishing holiday to Southern Ireland. Can you recommend anywhere?


Q. Do I need a fishing licence to fish for carp?


Q. What is the close fishing season for carp?


Q. I'm going on holiday with my parents to Warwick in England. Where can I fish?


Q. Where can I purchase a fishing license?


Q. Can I buy a fishing license online for a disabled angler?


Q. I'm 60 this year, can I get a cheaper fishing rod licence?


Q. Why is the close season for coarse fish in England?


Q. How do I find the best places to fish in a new area?


Q. Do I need a special licence to catch pike?


Q. What is the price of a licence in England 2011?


Q. Is there any advantage or disadvantage in fishing barbless hooks?


Q. Do I need a fishing license to fish my private pond located entirely on my property?


Q. Do I need two fishing licences in England for fly fishing and using bait?


Q. What is a the best size hook to use?


Q I have bought a set of carp gear, what else do I need to catch a very big fish?


Q. Does my child need a fishing license?


Q. When is the best time to fish for carp?


Q. What is the best time of year to fish for pike?


Q. I'm going pike fishing for the first time with my mate who always fishes for pike. If I catch one how can I make sure I don’t get bitten when unhook it?


Q. What are the best baits to use?


Q. Do I need a coarse fishing licence in Northern Ireland?


Q. What carp rod should I buy?

 

Q. What is the best size fishing rod for casting?

 

Q. What is the advantage of being able to cast a long distance?


Q. On the side of my reel it says ratio 4:1what does this mean?


Q. What is a hook length?


Q. How does a fisherman know what size fish hook to use?


Q. What is freshwater fishing and coarse fishing and why are they called this?

 

Q. When the end of my pole gets wet the pole elastic sticks and will not re-enter the pole tip. I lubricate my pole elastic but it doesn't help. Why is this and what can I do?

 

Q. My 6 year old wants to go fishing, Will I need a rod licence to take him and teach him.

 

Q. Can i get a fishing rod licence from a normal fishing place

________________________________________________________________________________

 

Q. I have lost my licence what do I do?
A. If you have lost or damaged your rod licence  - for example, 'it has been destroyed in the washing machine', you need to contact the Environment Agency. You may need to quote your full name, address, date of birth and if you have it, your licence number.
The current cost of a replacement licence is £5 if you have lost a full licence, or £1 for a junior licence.

Fishing Licence Information   www.gov.uk/fishing-licences

 

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Q. I'm from the USA and I'm planning a fishing holiday to Southern Ireland. Can you recommend anywhere?
A. You haven't said where in Southern Ireland you plan to stay. There are plenty of places to fish all over Southern Ireland. I have stayed and fished around Cavan plenty of times and found the fishing 'spot on'. There are 365 lakes around Cavan so you shouldn't have a problem finding somewhere to fish.

For fishing holiday accommodation in Cavan check out fishing holidays in Cavan

 

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Q. Do I need a fishing licence to fish for carp?
A. If you are an angler aged 12 years or over fishing for salmon, trout, freshwater fish or eels in England (except the River Tweed), Wales or the Border Esk and its tributaries in Scotland, you must have an Environment Agency rod licence. more information

 

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Q. What is the close fishing season for carp?
A. The carp is a coarse fish so it comes under the coarse fishing season which is: Coarse fish close season - 15 March to 15 June inclusive

 

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Q. Im going on holiday with my parents to Warwick in England. Where can I fish?
A. There are rivers and canals to fish such as the river Avon. river Stour, river Leam and the Grand Union Canal. These are controlled by local clubs. For more places to fish in Warwickshire, stillwater fishing venues and commercial fisheries click on the link.
Fishing in Warwickshire

 

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Q. Where can I purchase a fishing license?
A. Fishing rod licences are available from Post Office outlets throughout England and Wales, online, by direct debit and over the telephone on 0844 800 5386. The phone line is open from 8.30am to 8.00pm daily from March to September and 8.30am to 6.30pm from October to February.
Fishing Licence Information   www.gov.uk/fishing-licences

 

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Q. Can I buy a fishing license online for a disabled angler?
A. Yes. The Environment Agency, through the Post Office issue online licences to eligible disabled or senior citizen (65 years and over) concessions

 

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Q. Im 60 this year, can I get a cheaper fishing rod licence?
A. No sorry. You are only eligible for a concessionary licence if:
1. You are aged 12 to 16 inclusive (Junior)
2. You are aged 65 years or over (Senior)
3. You have a Blue Badge parking concession, or are in receipt of Disability Living Allowance

 

These facts were true 2007 but may change at any time. Please see Environment Agency website for up to date facts.

 

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Q. What is the close season for coarse fish in England?
A. Coarse fish close season - 15 March to 15 June inclusive

 

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Q. How do I find the best places to fish in a new area?
A. To find out about the best fishing available in a new area talk to some of the local tackle shops. They hear all the gossip of where's fishing and where isn't. Some of them are anglers themselves and you will find they will be only too pleased to help you. Click the link below to find a local fishing tackle shop

Fishing Tackle Shops

 

You could also have a look at fisheries in the area and have a look at what is on offer

Fishing Venues and where to go fishing

 

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Q. Do I need a special licence to catch pike?
A. No. Your Environment Agency rod licence includes pike fishing.

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Q. What is the price of a licence in England 2011?

 

Prices for 2010 /2011 Fishing Rod Licences - valid from 1st April 2010 to 31st March 2011

Please note: Rod licence duties will not increase in 2011/12.

 

Category

Non-migratory trout, char, freshwater fish (coarse fish) and eels

Salmon and migratory trout (sea trout)., non-migratory trout, char, freshwater fish (coarse fish) and eels

Full season
expires 31st March 2010

£27.00

£72.00

 

 

 

Junior Concession

(aged 16 or under)

£5.00

£5.00

 

 

 

Senior Concession

(aged 65 or over)

£18

£48.00

 

 

 

8 Day

£10

£23

 

 

 

1 Day

£3.75

£8

 

Concessionary licences apply if:
You are aged 16 or under (Junior)
You are aged 65 or over
You have a Blue Badge parking concession or receive a Disability Living Allowance.

You will need to provide your Blue Badge Number or National Insurance Number when buying your licence.

for current prices

Fishing Licence Information   www.gov.uk/fishing-licences

 

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Q. Is there any advantage or disadvantage in fishing barbless hooks?
A. Yes. The advantages of using a barbless hook are: With no barb the hook penetrates easier without the need for a hard strike of the rod. It is also easier to unhook the fish without causing damage to the fish. There is no disadvantage. As long as tension is maintained on the fish it is just like using a barbed hook.

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Q. Do I need a fishing license to fish my private pond located entirely on my property?
A. You haven't said where you are from! The short answer is probably yes. If you are an angler (aged 12 years or over) fishing for salmon, trout, freshwater fish or eels in England (except the River Tweed), Wales or the Border Esk and its tributaries in Scotland, must have an Environment Agency rod licence.
You can buy your fishing rod licence at any Post Office or you can buy it online:    www.gov.uk/fishing-licences

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Q. Do I need two fishing licences in England for fly fishing and using bait?
A. No. The bait is immaterial, it is the type of fish that you will be fishing for that decides the type of fishing licence. There are two types of fishing licences, one for Coarse fishing (non-migratory trout and coarse fish ) and the other Game fishing (Salmon and sea trout). Salmon and sea trout licence covers non-migratory trout and coarse fish as well.
Fishing Licence Information   www.gov.uk/fishing-licences

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Q. What is a the best size hook to use?
A. Unless I know what fish you are aiming to catch and what bait you will be using this is impossible to answer.
As a general guide: For coarse fish such as rudd, roach and bream, use a hook size 22 - 14 with 16 the average.

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Q I have bought a set of carp gear, what else do I need to catch a very big fish?
A. Ok you have the right fishing gear, now you need a place to fish that actually holds a very big fish. Not knowing where you are from I cannot say where this will be. Browse through our fishing venue listings for your area. When you have found a suitable place to fish, ask at the fishery, or other anglers fishing there what bait is catching the fish.

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Q. Does my child need a fishing license?
A. If your child is aged 12 years or over, fishing for salmon, trout, freshwater fish or eels in England (except the River Tweed), Wales or the Border Esk and its tributaries in Scotland, he must have an Environment Agency rod licence.

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Q. When is the best time to fish for carp?
A. There isn't a best time as such for fishing for carp but the first few hours of daybreak and last few hours of daylight is usually a good time. Carp can feed at anytime, often feeding all through the day.

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Q. What is the best time of year to fish for pike?
A. Pike are normally fished for during Winter, but Pike fishing in Autumn and early Spring can bring good results.

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Q. Im going pike fishing for the first time with my mate who always fishes for pike. If I catch one how can I make sure I don’t get bitten when unhook it?
A. The easy answer is 'let your mate do it'.

Use a long disgorger or pair of forceps when you unhook a pike and just be careful.

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Q. What are the best baits to use?
A. Unless I know what fish you want to catch I cannot answer this specifically. Most fish eat all baits but not all fish eat all baits.
If you look at the fish species page  http://www.fish-uk.com/fish_species.htm  you will get an idea.

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Q. Do I need a coarse fishing licence in Northern Ireland?
A. Yes. A coarse licence is required by law by anyone over 12 years of age fishing anywhere in Northern Ireland (except angling for sea fish).

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Q. What carp rod should I buy?
A. It depends on if you will be fishing for carp close in or fishing at a distance. A general carp rod will have a 2.25 to 2.5 test curve and be 11 or 12 feet long. As a guide the longer rods with heavier test curves are more suited to long range fishing and the shorter rods with lighter test curves are more suited for fishing close in.

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Q. What is the best size fishing rod for casting?
A. In general the longer the fishing rod the longer it casts. The longer fishing rod is best for casting longer distances as it allows you more leverage to cast. On saying that, the best size fishing rod for casting depends on the person using it and the experience he/she has in casting. A 10 year old may use a 6 to 8 foot rod fairly easily to cast a bait a fair distance but a 12 to 14 foot rod could be too awkward to handle.

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Q. What is the advantage of being able to cast a long distance?
A. The advantage of being able to cast a long distance is, you can cover more water and reach the fish that are that bit further from the river bank or shore

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Q. On the side of my reel it says ratio 4:1what does this mean?
A. The ratio numbers tell you how many revolutions the spool makes during one complete turn of the reel handle. On your fishing reel with a gear ratio of 4:1the line will wind round the spool 4 times with one turn of the fishing reel handle.

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Q. What is a hook length?
A.  A hook length is the length of line that the hook is tied to. In typical cases it will be a length of fishing line, usually of a lower breaking strain than the main line, to which the hook is tied at one end, the other end being joined to the main line off the reel. The hook length may also be of a different material to the main line such as braid or wire (as used when fishing for pike)

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Q. How does a fisherman know what size fish hook to use?
A.  This come from experience but it generally depends on two or three things; what species you are fishing for, what bait you will be using and if the fish are biting "shy". The concept is to present a bait as "natural" as possible so that it looks natural to the fish. If the fish are biting "shy" then smaller hooks may be needed but you can use the following guide as a starting point. If you are using maggots, size 16 to 20, for sweetcorn, pellets etc. size 12 to 14, for bread flake/crust etc. size 8 to 10, for luncheon meat size 6 to 8.

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Q. What is freshwater fishing and coarse fishing and why are they called this?
A. Freshwater fishing means fishing in rivers, lakes or ponds that have fresh water not salt water. This is why it is called 'freshwater fishing'. Coarse fishing is fishing for fish other than game fish (salmon and trout). In the early 19th century the English gentry fished for fish to eat and classified fish into two categories. Salmon and trout were considered more palatable than the other varieties of fish and were classified as 'Game' fish. All other fish were classified as 'coarse' fish.

 

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Q. When the end of my pole gets wet the pole elastic sticks and will not re-enter the pole tip. I lubricate my pole elastic but it doesn't help. Why is this and what can I do?

A. It could be one of a couple of things. Either the elastic is not quite tight enough or the bush size may be too small.
Check the tension of the pole elastic and if found to be slack try tightening it.
Check the bush and make sure it is the correct size for the elastic you are using. You may need to cut the pole tip back slightly and use a larger bush.

 

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Q. My 6 year old wants to go fishing, Will I need a rod licence to take him and teach him.

A. Thanks for your email. A very good question.

I have made enquiries with the Environment Agency regards this and the answer is as follows.
Quote: "Your son does not need to have a rod licence as he is under 12 years old.
If your holding the rod, even if your holding the rod with your son, and the line goes into the water then technically you are fishing and need a rod licence".

I'm sorry, but it looks like you need to buy a licence or maybe get another angler to teach him.
Personally I think this is a ridiculous law and should be revised.

 

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Q. Can I get a fishing rod licence from a normal fishing place such as fishery or tackle shop

A. No. At one time fishing licences were sold in most tackle shops so it was ideal to get your licence at the same time as your bait or fishing tackle. Now, fishing rod licences are available from Post Office outlets throughout England and Wales, online, by direct debit and over the telephone on 0844 800 5386. The phone line is open from 8.30am to 8.00pm daily from March to September and 8.30am to 6.00pm from October to February.

 Fishing Licence Information   www.gov.uk/fishing-licences

 

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