Fishing information for beginners learning how to catch fish

Guide to Coarse Fishing for Beginners

A guide to coarse fishing for the absolute beginner - page 4
Fishing Tackle
Guide to Fishing Tackle
Rods
Reels
Line
Hooks
Floats
Split Shot
Setting a reel drag
Fitting a Pole Elastic
Fishing Methods
Drop Shot Fishing
the Pellet Waggler
Fishing the Leger
Fishing the Spod
the Chod Rig
Fishing Baits
About Fishing Baits
Maggots
Pinkies
Squat's
Gozzer Maggots
Casters
Worms
Bread Baits
Paste Baits
Luncheon Meat
Cheese
Sweetcorn
Particle Baits
Hemp
Tares
Maple Peas
Bloodworm and Joker
Fish Species
Coarse fish
British Fish Records
Coarse Fish Records
Game Fish Records
Sea Fish Records
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Ok, your all set up, lets catch some fish!
Now take a couple of white maggots and put them on your hook. Do this by piercing the hook through the maggots head (thick end is the head, pointed end the tail).
Casting.
Casting can be tricky and  takes time to learn but with practice you will get it right!
Note.
When removing your finger from the spool to let your rig fly out, do not let go of the rod.
If you cast a bit further than you intend to fish then you can dip the rod tip under the water and reel in to where you intend to fish. This will sink the line.
You will no doubt have a few mishaps but stick at it. We all mess up sometimes even after years of fishing
Feeding
After you have cast out throw 6 to 12 maggots around your float. Your hook will sink to the bottom and your float will settle with just the tip showing.
Now you watch your float and wait for a bite (a fish attempting to eat your maggots) this will be noticeable by the float either disappearing under the water or lifting up out of the water. Every couple of minutes throw 6 maggots around your float. The rule for 'loose feeding' is 'little and often'. You want to tempt the fish but not overfeed them.
Striking and playing a fish
When you get a bite - you must 'strike' (no, that doesn't mean down tools).
Holding your rod near the reel and in one swift movement lift it up in an arc over your head until you feel the resistance of the fish. If you can feel resistance on the line you have hooked the fish
plu image above fishing menu
Keeping the line taut, start to reel in and at the same time lower the rod top towards the water so there is a slight angle between rod and line - don't point the rod straight at the fish. If it is a small fish you will probably be able to reel it in and 'net it' (use your landing net).
With a large fish you may need to keep the line taut but let the fish swim about and tire itself out first as you try to reel it in
Note.
When striking, as soon as you feel resistance stop lifting your rod or you could pull the hook out of the fish. Always keep tension on the line when playing a fish.
Landing a fish
When you have reeled the fish in close enough so that it can be reached with your landing net, hold the handle of your landing net and place the net in the water.
You may have to put your finger on the spool to stop the line if it starts swimming too far away. You will learn through experience when to do this.
Using your rod and remembering to keep the line taut, guide the fish to your net. When the fish is over your net lift it up to trap the fish. A small fish (as a guide a fish up to 4 to 6 oz) can be lifted out of the water, try to do this with a large fish and you stand the chance of the net breaking away from the handle
Now you have netted a fish you have to unhook it.
This was covered on page one  'What you need to know before you catch your first fish'
As a re-cap . . .
With a big fish, once its in the net you will have to pull the net through the water closer to the bank and lift the fish out of the water holding the sides of the net itself.
Guide to Coarse Fishing for Beginners
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Your all tackled up and the fish are waiting.
Start off by throwing about a dozen (12) maggots into the area you will be fishing. This is called, 'loose feeding', and it is done so that the fish get used to seeing your bait and to try and tempt the fish in the area to take your baited hook.
Fishing is one of the top sports and pastimes in the UK with over 4 million anglers.
How to cast.
Now the next bit needs to be done in one smooth movement . . QUICKLY . . . (read note below)
If it starts to 'take line' (swim away from you pulling line off the reel) there isn't a lot you can do about this except keep the pressure on. (this is why you set the drag earlier)
WELL DONE
Tight lines
Hold the fish firmly so that it doesn’t flap about and slip out of your hands onto the ground, but don't hold it too tight or you may damage its internal organs.
If the fish is lip hooked you may be able to remove it using your fingers. If the fish is hooked inside its mouth and you can see the hook use a disgorger.
Hold the line tight and put the slot of the disgorger over the line and slide it along the line until you reach the hook. Push the hook in the opposite direction to the way it went in until it is free and then carefully remove it.
If the fish is deeply hooked and cant be removed without damaging the fish it is better to cut the line as close to the hook as possible. The hook will dislodge itself or will eventually rust away.
Perch can bleed VERY easily. so if its a Perch and its deep hooked, have a careful go with the disgorger and if it wont come free cut the line as close to the hook as possible.
With the hook removed, get down close to the water and release the fish and let it swim away.
Bingo. . . Fish caught, unhooked and put back safely.
That's it.
You have set up your own fishing tackle, baited your own hook. fed your swim, cast your rig, caught, landed and returned your first fish.  You can  now officially call your self an ANGLER !
Make sure there are no trees or other obstacles behind you.
Thinking of a clock (with 12 o'clock pointing straight up and 10 o'clock in front of you) hold the rod with one hand near the reel (if you are right handed this is the hand near the reel and vice versa) and the other near the butt of the rod. Point the top of the rod to 10 o'clock in front of you.
Let out enough line so that your hook is around 3 feet off the ground.
Open the bail arm of the reel and use your forefinger to trap the line against the rim to stop any line coming off.
Move the rod back over your head to the 2 o'clock position and let your rig hang steady
now with an overhead motion punch the rod forward and stop at the 10 o'clock position.  This needs to be done in one smooth movement . . QUICKLY . .
A split second before the 10 o'clock position remove your finger from the spool to let your rig fly out and pull line off the reel.
Just before it hits the water lower your rod parallel with the water and put your finger back on the spool to stop the line coming off. This should cause your rig to fall into the water in a straight line with the hook furthest from you.
Now dip the rod tip under the water and reel in to where you intend to fish (this will sink the line and help stop your float drifting with the wind blowing across the water)
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Please note, this is a simple guide to casting while coarse fishing. Fly fishing casting is a different matter. I am not a fly fisherman so will not attempt to describe this casting.
Generally when fly fishing a Centrepin reel is used and there is a special technique involved when casting with a Centrepin reel. I'm not a fly fisherman and for me to try and describe this casting technique would be almost impossible. To learn how to cast when fly fishing I suggest you have a lesson with a fishing instructor.