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Details of freshwater fish anglers might come across when fishing the waters of  the UK and Ireland

 

 

Barbel  latin name: Barbus barbus

Barbel

 

Bleak Alburnus alburnas fish species

Bleak

 

bream  - latin name - Abramis Brama

Bream

 

Carp Cyprinidae  Cyprinus carpio

Carp

 

crucian carp

Crucian Carp

 

chub -  Leuciscus_cephalus

Chub

 

Dace - latin name - Leuciscus leuciscus

Dace

 

eel - latin name - Anguilla anguilla

Eel

 

grayling Latin name thymallus thymallus

Grayling

 

Gudgeon Latin name Gobio gobio

Gudgeon

 

perch

Perch

 

pike latin name: esox lucius

Pike

 

Roach latin name: Rutilus Rutilus

Roach

 

Rudd - latin name- Scardinius erythrophthalmus

Rudd

 

ruffe

Ruffe

 

sliver bream

Silver Bream

 

Tench latin name: Tinca Tinca

Tench

 

Catfish

Wels Catfish

 

Zander - latin name - Stizostedion lucioperca

Zander

 

Species of UK Coarse Fish

 

Dace

Description, baits and methods used when fishing for Dace

 

Common name:  Dace
Latin name:  Leuciscus leuciscus
Family:  Cyprinidae

 

Dace Leuciscus leuciscus

 

Current UK Rod Caught Coarse Fish Record

DACE (Leuciscus leuciscus) 1lb 5oz 2dr 2002 Simon Ashton, River Weir

 

Description and Habitat of Dace
The Dace is a fast, lively, active fish, nicknamed 'the Dart', because of the way it darts through the fast flowing waters.
The Dace is closely related to the Chub but is a more streamlined fish and distinguished from the Chub by its anal and dorsal fins which are both concave, whereas the Chub's anal and dorsal fins are convex and red in colour. Dace also closely resemble the Roach in appearance, both in size and shape but the Roach has red eyes and the Dace have yellow eyes. Dace have a slender body, narrow pointed head with large yellow eyes and a small mouth. The body of the Dace is - greyish blue back with silvery flanks, white belly and the tail is deeply forked. The ventral and anal fins are white, tinged with pale red and the dorsal, pectoral and caudal fins tipped with black. Depending on local climate and water temperature, Dace generally spawn between March and May, laying their pale orange eggs on a sandy or gravel bed or on aquatic plants. Dace are know to hybridise producing Dace/Chub and Dace/Rudd hybrids. This hybridisation makes identification rather difficult. Dace do not grow to big heavyweights and a fish of 8 ounces is considered a good catch. The British rod-caught record Dace was caught by Simon Ashton in 2002 from the River Weir and weighed 1 lb 5 oz 2dr. The average life span of Dace is around seven to ten years.
Dace prefer clean, well oxygenated water, and can be found in shoals in mid water or the fast flowing upper layers of water especially around weirs and weir pools. Although predominantly found in rivers and streams with a sand or gravel substrate, the Dace can also be found in lakes and stillwaters, probably introduced by man or through floods. Natural foods for Dace is algae, worms, insects, larvae of aquatic insects, snails and small crustaceans. Dace are often seen feeding from the surface, taking flies and non-aquatic insects which have fallen into the water.

 

Fishing Methods for catching Dace:
As Dace are usually fished for in fast running water, the method I use when fishing for Dace is stick float fishing. Because Dace are quick to feel resistance on the line and tend to drop bait easily use the lightest stick float possible. In the summer the stick float, with shot spread evenly down the line, hook size 22 to 16 baited with single castor or maggot should be set to fish from just below mid-water - holding back from time to time to let the bait rise nearer to the surface. This rise and fall of the bait will often tempt the Dace into biting. Feeding little and often keeps the Dace interested as they become more confident they can become avid feeders, with more confident bites. In the winter it has been said Dace tend to hole up in potholes or depressions on the riverbed. As I don't fish for Dace in the winter I cannot say what method is best. If you do or have, please let me know what tactics you use so that I can include it on this page.

Baits for catching Dace:
Because of their small mouth the main baits for catching Dace are casters, maggots, pinkies and squat's. Alternatively bloodworm, a small red worm, bread punch or small piece of bread flake can catch dace. Dace have also been known to be caught by fly fishermen using small flies although this was more by chance

 

 

 

 

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