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Details of British freshwater fish anglers might come across when fishing the waters of  the UK and Ireland

 

 

Barbel  latin name: Barbus barbus

Barbel

 

Bleak Alburnus alburnas fish species

Bleak

 

bream  - latin name - Abramis Brama

Bream

 

Carp Cyprinidae  Cyprinus carpio

Carp

 

crucian carp

Crucian Carp

 

chub -  Leuciscus_cephalus

Chub

 

Dace - latin name - Leuciscus leuciscus

Dace

 

eel - latin name - Anguilla anguilla

Eel

 

grayling Latin name thymallus thymallus

Grayling

 

Gudgeon Latin name Gobio gobio

Gudgeon

 

perch

Perch

 

pike latin name: esox lucius

Pike

 

Roach latin name: Rutilus Rutilus

Roach

 

Rudd - latin name- Scardinius erythrophthalmus

Rudd

 

ruffe

Ruffe

 

sliver bream

Silver Bream

 

Tench latin name: Tinca Tinca

Tench

 

Catfish

Wels Catfish

 

Zander - latin name - Stizostedion lucioperca

Zander

 

Species of UK Coarse Fish

 

Eel

Description, baits and methods for fishing for Eels

 

Common name:   Eel
Latin name: 
 Anguilla anguilla
Family:

 

eel Latin name:-   Anguilla anguilla

 

 

Current UK Rod Caught Coarse Fish Record

EEL (Anguilla anguilla) 11lb 2oz 1978 Master S Terry, Kingfisher Lake, Nr Ringwood, Hants

 

Description and habitat of the Eel:


The eel has an elongated body similar to that of a snake. Longish head with rounded eyes. The eyes are small in young eels and large in older and silver eels. The eel has a protruding lower jaw longer than the upper jaw. The teeth are small and set in bands in both jaws and in a patch on vomer. Small and vertical gill openings restricted to the sides. The dorsal fin originates far behind the pectorals fins and the dorsal and anal fins confluent with caudal fin. The anal fin set slightly behind anus, well back from origin of dorsal fin. The pectoral fins of the eel are small and rounded. Lateral line conspicuous. It has minute elliptical scales embedded in the skin. Adults in freshwater are greenish-brown on black, whitish-yellowish on belly. During the silver-eel stage during spawning migration the colouration changes to blackish on the back and bright silvery on sides and belly. In the leptocephali and glass-eel stage the colouration is transparent and in the elvers stage greenish-brown.

The young European eels live in freshwater where they stay for a period of 6-12 years for males and 9-18 years for females. As the eels become sexually mature they migrate to the sea, where they move to the spawning grounds in the Sargasso Sea. During migration the eels do not feed.

Once the mature adult eel enters the Sargasso Sea they spawn in late winter and spring. The adult eels do not leave the Sargasso Sea and are thought to die after spawning, but their progeny, the leaf-shaped larvae, leptocephali, are brought to the continental shelf of Europe by the Gulf Stream, a journey that can take between 6 -12 months and several years.

Before entering coastal zones and estuaries the larvae metamorphose into transparent elvers (glass eels). As the eels colonize the freshwater areas of Europe they are known as yellow eels (pigmented eels). During the last summer of their freshwater life, eels become sexually mature and silvery in appearance (silver eels). At this stage their eyes become bigger, their heads broader and the content of body fat increases.

The European eel is found in rivers draining into the North Atlantic, Baltic and Mediterranean Seas. It is also distributed along the coast of Europe from the Black Sea to the White Sea.

 

Fishing Methods for catching Eels:


Eels are found in almost all waters but stillwaters are your best bet. The best time to catch eels is early dawn or at dusk and through the night but they can be caught throughout the day. The eel feeds all year around with July to October noted as the best months to catch them. Eels feed almost exclusively on the bottom and are usually found where there is underwater obstacles or among reeds. Various methods including float, ledger or feeder are used to catch eels. Float fishing with a waggler over a bed of groundbait, slightly over depth close to reeds is a good tactic. The feeder is also considered a good method. As a guide a match, float or feeder rod can be used with a reel filled with 4 lb main line with 3 lb hook length and size 16 - 14 hook. They respond very well to groundbaiting and sometimes when groundbaiting for other fish you will end up catching an eel. If you are going fishing for eels and have any old bait, maggots left from a previous fishing session, don't throw them away, use them in your groundbait for you eel fishing session. Lay a bed of groundbait using brown crumb or continental groundbait with your old bait, maggots, casters and chopped up worms mixed in. When you hook an eel, especially a small eel, it will almost certainly curl up and get tangled in your line. It will also make a mess of your line with the slime from its body. To unhook an eel there are unhooking tubes, a tube of approximately 1.5 - 2 inch diameter and a foot long with a slit along the side. The idea is to hold your line taut and slide the tube onto it via the slit and then slide the tube down over the eel until its head appears and unhook it.  Another method, very unusual !, that I have tried and works, is described  here  in my tips section.

 

Baits for catching Eels:


Deadbaits and deadbait sections, Worms, big lob worms, maggots and casters.

 

 

 

Eel stocks have suffered a severe decline across the whole of Europe.

New Rules and the reason for them

Information from Environment Agency website

 

What will the byelaw do?
The byelaw prohibits the removal of these species by rod and line. They are migratory species and therefore this restrictions applies seaward to 6 nautical miles (the extent of our fisheries jurisdiction).

Why prohibit removal of eels?
Eel stocks have suffered a severe decline across the whole of Europe. Under new European regulations we are introducing tighter controls over eel and elver net fishing over the next two years. Mandatory catch and release for angling will complement these net restrictions. It also avoids the need to report anglers’ eel catches to Europe – which will require us to introduce a catch return system for rod caught eels. Given that relatively few eels are taken by anglers, and the widespread support of the angling community, we think that a complete ban on removal of eels by angling is justified.

Byelaw 3((iii) No person may remove by rod and line any eels or shad from any waters.
Byelaw 3 shall not apply to any person who with as little injury as possible either returns fish immediately to the same water alive or retains fish in a keepnet or keepsack and then returns it to the same water alive on or before completion of fishing.

 

 

 

 

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