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Details of British freshwater fish anglers might come across when fishing the waters of  the UK and Ireland

 

 

Barbel  latin name: Barbus barbus

Barbel

 

Bleak Alburnus alburnas fish species

Bleak

 

bream  - latin name - Abramis Brama

Bream

 

Carp Cyprinidae  Cyprinus carpio

Carp

 

crucian carp

Crucian Carp

 

chub -  Leuciscus_cephalus

Chub

 

Dace - latin name - Leuciscus leuciscus

Dace

 

eel - latin name - Anguilla anguilla

Eel

 

grayling Latin name thymallus thymallus

Grayling

 

Gudgeon Latin name Gobio gobio

Gudgeon

 

perch

Perch

 

pike latin name: esox lucius

Pike

 

Roach latin name: Rutilus Rutilus

Roach

 

Rudd - latin name- Scardinius erythrophthalmus

Rudd

 

ruffe

Ruffe

 

sliver bream

Silver Bream

 

Tench latin name: Tinca Tinca

Tench

 

Catfish

Wels Catfish

 

Zander - latin name - Stizostedion lucioperca

Zander

 

Species of UK Coarse Fish

 

Gudgeon

Description, baits and methods for catching Gudgeon

 

Common name:  Gudgeon
Latin name:  Gobio gobio
Family: Cyprinidae

 

Gudgeon Latin name Gobio gobio

 

Current UK Rod Caught Coarse Fish Record

Gudgeon (Gobio gobio) 5oz 1990 D H Hull, River Nadder, Sutton Mandeville, Wilts

 

Description and Habitat of Gudgeon

Gudgeon are sometimes mistaken for small baby barbel but can very easily be identified. The gudgeon has two barbules ( one barbule either side of its mouth ) as opposed to the barbel which has four and the stone loach which has six barbules. Gudgeon are bottom feeders and these barbules are used to search for food on the river bed ( lake, canal, or water it lives).
It has a rounded, elongated body with a slightly flattened belly and rather large scale less head with an under slung mouth with thick lips. Both dorsal and anal fins are short and heavily spotted. Coloration of the gudgeon is silvery blue or greeny brown on the back with a row of large, dark spots on the yellowish flanks.

 

Predominantly found in rivers or fast moving streams, the gudgeon can be found in most waters across England and Wales, but they are rather scarce in Scotland due probably to the different water quality.

Gudgeon are noted as preferring the faster running waters with a gravel bottom where they search for food. They are a shoal fish often found in large shoals. Catch one and your likely to catch many more. Being rather easy to catch the gudgeon is a good fish to target when teaching beginners to fish. Fished for on the bottom with light tackle using the humble maggot for bait they fight reasonably well for their size. The gudgeon has saved many a match angler from blanking on hard days. Gudgeon feed on bottom dwelling organisms and a variety of invertebrates and insect larvae such as midge, caddis-fly, bloodworm, may-fly larvae, crustaceans and molluscs.
The fish rarely grow to more than six or seven inches in length and maturity is reached in the second to third year. They spawn in the early summer between April and July in shallow water at night and usually over sandy gravel.

The Compleat Angler, by Izaak Walton 1653
The fourth day-continued
Of the Gudgeon, the Ruffe, and the Bleak
Chapter XV

"The GUDGEON is reputed a fish of excellent taste, and to be very wholesome: he is of a fine shape, of a silver colour, and beautified with black spots both on his body and tail. He breeds two or three times in the year, and always in summer. He is commended for a fish of excellent nourishment: the Germans call him Groundling., by reason of his feeding on the ground; and he there feasts himself in sharp streams, and on the gravel. He and the barbel both feed so, and do not hunt for flies at any time, as most other fishes do: he is a most excellent fish to enter a young angler, being easy to be taken with a small red-worm, on or near to the ground. He is one of those leather-mouthed fish that has his teeth in his throat, and will hardly be lost off from the hook if he be once strucken.
They be usually scattered up and down every river in the shallows, in the heat of summer; but in autumn, when the weeds begin to grow sour and rot, and the weather colder, then they gather together, and get into the deep parts of the water, and are to be fished for there with your hook always touching the ground, if you fish for him with a float, or with a cork; but many will fish for the Gudgeon by hand, with a running-line upon the ground, without a cork, as a trout is fished for; and it is an excellent way, if you have a gentle rod and as gentle a hand."

 

Fishing Methods for catching Gudgeon:
Any method can be adopted for catching gudgeon but fishing with light tackle is more productive and more fun. Try float fishing with maggot or any of the baits listed below on or just off the bottom. Once you start catching keep the fish interested by loose feeding. Groundbait can also be used but make sure this is mixed so that is sinks to the bottom before breaking up or you may disperse the shoal.

Baits for catching Gudgeon:
Maggot, caster, red worm, brandling, pieces of worm, small pieces of bread, bread punch, bloodworm - although I consider buying bloodworm as bait for general gudgeon fishing to be expensive )

 

 

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